Haweswater is a
reservoir in the English Lake District, built in the valley of Mardale.
construction of the Haweswater dam started in 1929, after the UK
Parliament passed an Act giving the Manchester Corporation permission to
build the reservoir to supply water for the urban towns of north-west
At the time, there was public outcry about the
decision, as the valley of Mardale was populated by the farming villages
of Measand and Mardale Green.
The construction of the reservoir meant that these
villages would be flooded and lost and the population would have to be
In addition, the valley was considered one of the
most picturesque in Westmorland and many people thought it should be
Prior to the valley being flooded in 1935, all the
farms and dwellings of the villages of Mardale Green and Measand were
demolished, as well as the centuries-old Dun Bull Hotel at Mardale
The village church was dismantled and the stone used
in constructing the reservoir Take Off Tower (see
www.mardale.green.talktalk.net/take_off_tower.htm); all the bodies in the churchyard were exhumed
and re-buried at Shap.
Today, when the water in the reservoir is low, the
remains of the submerged village of Mardale Green can still be seen as
stone walls and the village bridge become visible as the water level
The Haweswater valley is the only place in England where golden eagles
nest and there is an RSPB observation post in the valley of Riggindale,
where the pair have their eyrie.